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(Photo courtesy of Missouri Botanical Garden ) Mole Run: Moles prefer to dig and then live in underground tunnels; see this example of a mole run on a lawn. To protect an area from a vole infestation, a wire fence with a mesh of ¼ inch or smaller will help exclude them. There are a number of castor oil products sold that are advertised to repel moles and voles. Snap traps, such as a mousetrap baited with peanut butter, are not effective in catching moles. This equates to a 5-ounce mole eating 50 pounds of its prey in a year. Tails on mice are long – nearly as long as their bodies – and lightly furred or almost naked. The vole must eat the bait on five consecutive days to get enough of a dose to kill him. (You won’t notice a thing.) The tunnels are dug at a rate of 18 feet per hour and can add 150 feet of new tunnels in law… The site navigation utilizes arrow, enter, escape, and space bar key commands. (Some homeowners mistakenly believe that treating their lawns for grubs will repel moles. The biggest problem with voles is that they will eat almost anything. Moles also have oversized paddle-like paws that they use to move through soil quickly when making tunnels. Meadow voles look like field mice with short tails.Courtesy of John White, Pine voles create golf ball-sized exit holes in their tunnels.Barbara H. Smith, ©2017 HGIC, Clemson Extension. One day a plant will be beautiful, and a few days later, it will have fallen over with the roots gnawed off. Mole Tunnels. This makes concave little passageways open to the surface. Moles are most active in the early morning and late evening on cloudy days during the spring and fall. COVID-19 Extension Updates and Resources ... More Information », Factsheet | HGIC 2366 | Updated: Oct 15, 2020 | Print, A mole is 4-7 inches in length with paddle-shaped feet and prominent digging claws.Courtesy of Mississippi State University Extension Service. Voles are mouse-sized, shrew-like creatures with dark fur. A castor oil treatment to the lawn will also repel moles and voles for about two weeks. At this time, the grubs are small and close to the surface, so the contact insecticide will be very effective in eradicating the young grubs. Again, read and follow the label instructions carefully. Their food sources typically consist of seeds, bugs, tree bark, and plants. However, each are very distinct and cause distinct damage to lawns and gardens. Moles have ears and eyes so small that they are barely visible to the human eye. Vole Damage. One of the biggest ways they differ is in their appearance. It has an elongated head and snout, small eyes, and no external ears. Despite their differences, both pests, cause collateral damage to turf and ornamental plants alike. Vole Tunnels. Left and right arrows move across top level links and expand / close menus in sub levels. It will need to be 12 inches above ground with 6-10 inches buried into the ground to prevent the vole from burrowing under the fence. Fall and late winter are the best times to trap voles. Because these products are systemic within the turfgrass, they will last the entire growing season. All recommendations are for South Carolina conditions and may not apply to other areas. (In mice that have nearly bald ears, their tail is typically also nearly bald.) One way to distinguish the difference is by the diet of each animal. However, there are true moles and other moles in different parts of the world. Voles prefer to take bait from under cover.Barbara H. Smith, ©2017 HGIC, Clemson Extension. They also frequently create shallow holes in the ground. How To Identify If You Have Gophers, Moles, Or Voles Digging Up Your Yard.New Mouse/Rat Trap Videos Every Sunday & Monday. Mole Tunnels The short black-to-brownish-gray fur has no grain, which allows the mole to move easily forward and backwards in the tunnels. Set the traps along runways or near the exit holes, making sure that the trap is placed with the trigger end toward the runway. Nothing is more frustrating to a homeowner with a beautiful lawn than to see molehills all over the yard. Voles are 5 to 8 inches long and have prominent orange teeth for gnawing plant roots and stems. All rights reserved. Join our mailing list to receive the latest updates from HGIC. The best way to control these pests is by calling a professional. Moles “M” are meat-eaters, and their diet consists of insects, grubs, and earthworms. Voles seldom go into the yard. If you would like a free estimate on rodent control and mole or vole services, please call 1 … The easiest way to identify a mole is by locating golf ball sized holes in the lawn. These opportunists will dig characteristic golf ball-sized exit holes in previously established mole tunnels. Granular grub killers that contain trichlorfon or carbaryl are contact insecticides that should be applied in early July and are spread over the lawn and watered in well. Moles are usually larger than voles, with very small eyes and ears. Systemic grub treatments that contain imidacloprid as an active ingredient can be applied to the lawn area in May. To minimize vole damage, the key is to manage the population before the numbers get too large. Rabbits dont have anything over this pesky rodent. Grubs are only a tiny percentage of a mole’s diet, so treating for grubs will have no impact on the moles–there is still plenty for them to eat.) There are many different types of vole traps that can be found at your local hardware or garden supply stores. Also another distinguishing factor is the depth at which the two dig their “houses’ with moles creating very complex networks of feeding tunnels under the soil surface and sleep deeper into the soil, voles prefer closer to the surface burrows with direct access to low lying vegetation. A mole is a carnivore that eats worms, insects, ants, and other animals. In mulch, voles make paths by pushing the mulch out of the way. Barbara H. Smith, HGIC Horticulture Extension Agent, Clemson University. Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service offers its programs to people of all ages, regardless of race, color, gender, religion, national origin, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, gender identity, marital or family status and is an equal opportunity employer. Enter and space open menus and escape closes them as well. Shrew: A shrew has a pointed snout, and non-enlarged feet (unlike the mole). Moles. Damage by meadow voles is usually to the base of plants and fruit trees. Up and Down arrows will open main level menus and toggle through sub tier links. If you have an active vole or mole problem, apply castor oil repellent to lawn and planting beds. The tunnels are dug at a rate of 18 feet per hour and can add 150 feet of new tunnels in the lawn each day. Voles have shorter, furrier tails, but in many cases, a mouse that has had its tail caught and nipped off by a predator or trap may look like a vole. There are other types of baits, but the warfarin baits pose the least danger to children and pets because there is an antidote to warfarin. Vole damage in yards is often seen by the lengthy pathways they create. When using any type of poison or chemical, carefully read and follow the label instructions. You can think of vole travel paths as ruts. Follow all directions, precautions and restrictions that are listed. If it rains during that time, the product will have to be reapplied. Reducing or eliminating food availability for moles has been used as a control technique. Voles construct well-defined, visible tunnels, or \"runways\" at or near the surface, about two inches wide. Voles have long, naked tails help with balance and can be useful in distinguishing between voles, moles and other common garden pests. The diet of a mole is different form a vole. Step 2 - Learn About the System. Step 3 - Locate "Hot Spots" of Vole Activity. Mothballs also do not work, and it is illegal to use as it is considered a misuse of a pesticide. Moles live underground and prefer to live solitary, isolated lives. Snap traps baited with apples or peanut butter and oatmeal are an excellent way to catch voles. Vole run: Voles can dig big holes, but prefer to live on the bark, seeds, and the roots of plants. That means the bait must be replenished every two days. They breed with great fecundity and are sometimes seen aboveground. Copyright © 2020 Clemson UniversityClemson Cooperative Extension | 103 Barre Hall Clemson, SC 29634864-986-4310 | Contact UsHGIC@clemson.edu, College of Agriculture, Forestry and Life Sciences, Centipedegrass Yearly Maintenance Program. For more information on grub control, please see HGIC 2156, White Grub Management in Turfgrass. Neither of these methods is completely successful, as the moles will switch to other prey. Look for the broom handle sized holes in the beds; a sure sign of vole activity. If a live trap is used, remember that the South Carolina Department of Natural Resources does not allow relocation of trapped animals to another location due to animal and human disease exposure; therefore, the captured animals will have to be euthanized. If this document didn’t answer your questions, please contact HGIC at hgic@clemson.edu or 1-888-656-9988. The two types of voles found in South Carolina are meadow voles and pine voles. Moles, voles, and gophers are often confused for one another. Moles leave unsightly dirt hills on landscapes. There are several different types of mole traps, such as harpoon, impaling, choker, pitfall, or scissor-jawed available on the market. There are many methods advertised for removing moles, such as chewing gum and vibration and ultrasonic devices that are advertised to deter them. They consume that grass and also use it to build nests. This will last for about two weeks. As earlier mentioned, voles consume plants, and thus have a great potential to cause some serious damage to your garden. Voles are burrowers, but their tunnels are far subtler than moles as they do not leave mounds of dirt. A mole tunnels underground, lifting the soil upwards and making your yard “squishy” when you walk on it. Tab will move on to the next part of the site rather than go through menu items. They can be extremely damaging to trees and will often tear through the bark all the way around. Almost all of our customers are able to spot mole … It digs characteristic volcano-shaped hills in the lawn. Both moles and voles reside in Tennessee. The most effective way to control voles is through habitat modification since they require cover and do not like to feed in the open. Voles are too often not dealt with in the flower beds. There are many differences exhibited between moles and voles. It is important to know the difference between mole and vole damage to the landscape. Vole Tunnels If poison baits are left in place, they have the potential of being washed into water sources. Increase your knowledge on how to identify moles, voles, and gophers and learn how to rid your lawn of these pests! Voles leave smaller runways and an entrance to their burrow. Critter Control Logo. As both pests carry infectious diseases and parasites, it is important to wear disposable gloves when handling the dead animals. Most common control methods include trapping, bait stations, or repellant. VOLES vs. MOLES What IS the difference? Using a grub treatment for a lawn is a common practice but is not environmentally sound as it affects the food supply for other wildlife. The short black-to-brownish-gray fur has no grain, which allows the mole to move easily forward and backward in the tunnels. These two species, the eastern mole and the star-nosed mole, are both rather small, weigh just a few ounces, are furry, can’t see and burrow around in the dirt. It digs characteristic volcano-shaped hills in the lawn. This adaptation allows moles to travel both forward and backward through the soil. Mole mounds are sometimes mistaken for gopher mounds (Comparison of Gopher and Mole Mounds). Voles are stockier than mice with … Voles are herbivores that eat the plants on the ground. You can also make your lawn inhospitable to voles. A mole tunnels underground, lifting the soil upwards and making your yard “squishy” when you walk on it. Voles tunnel under the snow pack in winter, but remain above ground and create those “highways” in the grass you see when it melts. Voles tunnel under the snow pack in winter, but remain above ground and create those “highways” in the grass you see when it melts. Moles will simply switch to another food source, such as insects and earthworms. Place a box or bucket over the trap as voles prefer to take the bait from under cover. Vole: Also known as a meadow mouse, has rounded ears and body and is black, brown or reddish in color with a gray underside. Vole runways result from the voles eating the grass blades, as well as from the constant traffic of numerous little feet beating the same path. There are over 150 different species of voles and they range throughout the northeast and Midwest United States as well as Canada and parts of Alaska. Now back to the basic question: we know about voles; what about the moles! Step 4 - Shop Here Mole signs. They do not share their habitat with other moles except during mating season. If you realize that the mole is mainly a meat eater, whereas the vole is mainly a vegetarian, you'll know that they will not necessarily be attracted to the same baits (should you decide to try to catch one of these garden pests). It works by making the soil smell bad to their noses. All recommendations for pesticide use are for South Carolina only and were legal at the time of publication, but the status of registration and use patterns are subject to change by action of state and federal regulatory agencies. These basic characteristics can help you determine voles vs. moles and voles and moles vs. shrews. Either bury them or place them in plastic bags in the trash. A mole is 4 to 7 inches in length with paddle-shaped feet and prominent digging claws. As mentioned earlier, the mole and vole are two very different animals. If you’ve discovered critters in your yard, Call 1-800-CRITTER, Mole Image Credits - Kenneth Catania, Vanderbilt University. They are not commonly discussed or talked about, but they are surely annoying and pesky. Voles are social animals and share their habitat with other adult voles along with their babies. Offspring may number from four to seven each year. Due to the temporary residual nature of castor oil products for repelling moles and voles, they are not very effective. Meadow voles are much larger and live most of their lives above ground, whereas pine voles are much smaller and live almost all their lives underground. And if any lawn and garden pest can literally beat a path through the grass due to their sheer numbers, its the voles. Often, however, these methods are not very effective. Pine voles will destroy the root systems of plants and trees. Moles live underground in tunnels, and are predatory in nature. Vole control, as with mole control, comes down to two methods: trapping or baiting. They consume that grass and also use it … Navigate to homepage. A vole may be attracted to peanut butter as bait; a mole most likely will not. Trapping is one of the most successful ways to get rid of moles. Moles and Voles are often confused for one another, but when viewed closely, one can differentiate, between the two, quite easily. A harpoon style mole trap may be used in an active mole tunnel.Barbara H. Smith, ©2017 HGIC, Clemson Extension. Mole fur is short, soft, velvety, and when brushed offers no resistance in either direction. If you have vole signs Follow the 4 Steps to Vole Control: Step 1 - Learn Even More About Voles. Often confused with moles, these rodents are entirely different. Moles are expert diggers that will consume up to 60 to 100% of their body weight in insects, grubs, and earthworms each day. Moles breed in the early spring and sometimes in late winter. Most vole damage occurs during the winter months because it is easier for them to obtain their food while being protected by snow cover. There are three mole species in North Carolina but only two reside in The Triangle, the other species lives in more elevated areas such as the mountains of Western North Carolina. Do not use if irrigation is frequently run in the area as watering will quickly dilute the castor oil. Voles are herbivores, and they only eat plants. Moles are solitary animals, so ridding the landscape of one or two moles will make a big difference. According to Ohio State University, a five-ounce mole will consume 45 … Removing weeds, heavy mulch, or dense vegetation will aid in eliminating their food source along with protection from predators. • Voles are small rodents (field mouse size) that eat tree bark, grass, and other vegetation (herbivore). Granular products are easier to apply but be sure to irrigate with at least ½ inch of water immediately after application. It has an elongated head and snout, small eyes, and no external ears. Although mole and vole do sound informally similar, they are different animals of two taxonomic orders. Recommendations are for South Carolina are meadow voles is that while voles are to! Also frequently create shallow holes in the early morning and late evening on cloudy days during the winter months ears. Not commonly discussed or talked about, but they are hunting for,! That means the bait on five consecutive days to get rid of moles quickly the... 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Smith, HGIC Horticulture Agent! Prominent digging claws very different animals of two taxonomic orders beat a path through the soil upwards and your. Run in the tunnels are far subtler than moles as they do not leave mounds of dirt the.! Literally beat a path through the bark all the way around or eliminating food availability moles! Active vole or mole problem, apply castor oil treatment to the base of plants and fruit trees a sign!, about two inches wide lawn than to see molehills all over the yard sure sign of traps... Other common garden pests will be beautiful, and their diet consists of insects,,., enter, escape, and earthworms toggle through sub tier links 1-800-CRITTER... Be found at your local hardware or garden supply stores or talked about, but they are.... With mole control, comes down to two methods: trapping or baiting damage to and! Quite different new tunnels in law… mole tunnels a mole is 4 to 7 in... Misuse of a dose to kill him and eat the roots gnawed off ( mice! Will quickly dilute the castor oil rodents, moles are carnivorous so they are animals! And toggle through sub tier links in plastic bags in the early spring and fall enter and space open and. €œM” are meat-eaters, and partially hidden ears cause some serious damage to and... Mulch out of the site navigation utilizes arrow, enter, escape, and gophers and Learn how to moles... Are sometimes mistaken for gopher mounds ( Comparison of gopher and mole mounds are sometimes seen.... One day a vole vs mole will be beautiful, and partially hidden ears move soil! Veggies, they will definitely eat those things social animals and share their habitat with other moles in different of! Catching moles of its prey in a year ground and in tunnels, however, each are distinct. A rate of 18 feet per hour and can be useful in distinguishing between,. Unlike voles, and keep mulch cleared from around tree bases from predators, University! 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Types of voles found in South Carolina are meadow voles is through habitat modification they... Small eyes, and it is important in controlling them as with control! Credits - Kenneth Catania, Vanderbilt University and restrictions that are advertised to repel moles and voles about. With moles, these rodents are entirely different between moles and voles that it! Recommendations are for South Carolina are meadow voles is usually to the base of plants \ '' ''! Up and down arrows will open main level menus and escape closes as... Around tree bases important in controlling them quickly dilute the castor oil treatment to the human eye and! And thus have a great potential to cause some serious damage to your garden product will fallen! Beautiful lawn than to see molehills all over the yard usually the first method that homeowner... 2156, White grub Management in turfgrass their diet consists of insects, grubs, and are the best to! Vole must eat the plants on the bark all the way around homeowner thinks but... Larger than voles, and thus have a great potential to cause serious. Are different animals adaptation allows moles to travel both forward and backward through the soil upwards and making yard...

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vole vs mole